Her fame is due to the global interest in the historic events, which through the centuries took place in her. She is built in a triangular plateau, west of the north end of the Dead Sea. North of Jerusalem stretches the central mountain range of Palestine. In the Eastern region which is the smallest, are visible two hills, the northern one, Amoria, and the southern one, Sion. On Sion settled David when he captured it from the Jevousites. On the eastern side of the city rises the Mount of Olives and beyond it stretches the Judean desert.